Skip to main content

Dorothy Lamour and New Orleans Street

Aunt Jemima's Pancake House anchored New Orleans Street (Aunt Jemima's Kitchen after 1962)
Dorothy Lamour visited Disneyland for a grand opening on the park's 22nd day of operation. Some attractions, like the Rocket to the Moon, had been quietly opened as they were completed. This was different; this was a press event.

Walt Disney had long been fascinated by New Orleans. My theory is that teenagers in Kansas City, Missouri, romanticized a trip down river to the Big Easy. One of the last facades built on Main Street was Maxwell House Coffee, facing Town Square. Press materials emphasized that the architecture, with its concave stone statuary and wrought iron railing, was inspired by New Orleans. Maxwell House wouldn't open for several months, but the facade was in place.

Dorothy Lamour dedicates New Orleans Street. Note the Frito Kid on the far right.
On Tuesday, August 9, 1955, New Orleans Street opened at the riverbend in Frontierland, on the path leading to the distant freight train depot. Big band singer and film actress Dorothy Lamour headlined the event. Born Mary Leta Dorothy Slaton in New Orleans, she brought her second husband William Howard to the event, and we have to assume they brought their sons, aged 5 and 9, but they were not part of the show. Lamour had a relationship with J. Edgar Hoover and she was a Republican who felt that President Eisenhower was too centrist.

Disney threw a Mardi Gras (Fat Tuesday) with street dancing—music supplied by the Disneyland Band and a smaller Dixieland Jazz contingent—entertainment by the cast of the Golden Horseshoe Revue, and a pancake-eating contest, won by a ten-year-old Anaheim boy. Apparently, neither Walt Disney nor General Manager C. V. Wood, Jr. attended the press event.

Dorothy Lamour
A horse-drawn surrey delivered Dorothy, William, and a little person actor wearing a white shirt identifying him as the "Frito Kid," with a scarf around his neck and a black cowboy hat on his head. They were joined by unidentified soldiers and by authentic Plains Indians from the Magnolia Park encampment nearby.

"It looks exactly like the wonderful city in which I was born," Dorothy, 40, told the crowd. Lafitte's barnacle-encrusted anchor was on display nearby and Lamour smashed a bottle filled with water from New Orleans against it.

The Aunt Jemima Pancake House was finally open. Jemima was a character created in 1889 to sell pancake mix. The company became famous at the 1893 Chicago World's Fair. Quaker Oats, of Chicago, acquired the rights in 1925. The stereotype of the black domestic was similarly long-lived, including the maid in the Disney short Three Orphan Kittens (1935) and Academy Award-winning actress Hattie McDaniel’s character, Mammy, in Gone With the Wind (1939). McDaniel (who once famously said, "I'd rather play a maid than be one") also portrayed Aunt Tempy in Disney’s Song of the South (1946). Another actress portrayed Aunt Jemima for the televised opening of Disneyland on July 17, but the pancake kitchen was not ready to serve food.

Unlike any other restaurant at Disneyland, you could eat at Aunt Jemima's outside the park at several locations around the country in the late 1950s. Chain pancake houses were not yet a thing. The Waffle House® chain began in Atlanta on Labor Day 1955, and Al and Jerry Lapin created the International House of Pancakes® in Toluca Lake (where Roy Disney lived) in 1958.

The tiny food counter next to Aunt Jemima actually began operations later in the week. The menu included two enchiladas for .45¢, a "Taco in a Tacup" for two bits, or a combination plate for a dollar. Mexican food was strange and exotic outside the Southwest U.S. at the time. Out-of-town visitors, and even some locals, were unlikely to know what a "tamale" was or how to pronounce it.

Elmer Doolin created the corn chip snack he called Fritos in 1932 in Dallas, Texas. The restaurant also sold bags of Fritos—it was listed as both Merchandising and Food in the Story of Disneyland guidebook. A statue of Frito the Kid dispensed snack packs for a nickel. The little kitchen was called the Frito House in one newspaper account, but in Spanish, that's Casa de Fritos.

Doolin merged with Herman W. Lay’s potato chip company in 1961 (forming Frito-Lay) and with Pepsi-Cola in 1965, forming Pepsico, a company that now could both create and satisfy a thirst.
The original Casa de Fritos before it relocated and grew mas grande. (Clipping thanks to James D. Keeline) 


Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Where Chemistry Works Wonders For You

Chemistry leads to the future. A future filled with rocket ships, submarines capable of sailing under the polar ice caps, new medicines, fast food, and plastics. No surprise, then, that the entrance to Tomorrowland includes the portal of the Hall of Chemistry.

A bridge over an architectural pool led through the beckoning doorway. Inside, the hall was dominated by a revolving display of eight test tubes—the Chemitron. Each test tube contained one of the "eight basic materials found in nature from which countless chemicals and plastics can be made."

Salt, Sulfur, Oil, Coal, Air, Phosphate rock, Limestone, and Water. You were expecting more periodic table? "Did you know that from coal it is possible to make over a quarter of a million different substances? From plastics to perfumes, from drugs to disinfectants—hundred of the things you use today...and will use tomorrow...are derived chemically—from coal. And thousands more will be found tomorrow."

The Chemitron (spel…

The Incredible Mr. Long

There is a small mailbox next to a dummy door at 110 Main Street. As a teenager, I tried to open that door and—for some reason—I reached into the mailbox. I found a single business card.

Dwight Stanley Long decided to see the world on his 21st birthday, but not like other men might. Dwight turned 21 in 1933, probably the worst year of the worldwide Depression. Like Walt Disney, Dwight had funds when many were poor. He bought a 32-foot ketch, the Idle Hour, and sailed around the world for the next six years as Walt created Snow White and built his Burbank studio.

Long was born in Seattle and studied journalism at the University of Washington. (Long was three years younger than Ken Anderson, who earned a BA in Architecture from UW '34, and the same age as Van France, who was also born in Seattle, but raised in San Diego. Welton Becket graduated UW '27.)

Color movies were brand new in 1933—Walt created the first color cartoon, Flowers and Trees, with help from Technicolor, only …

When is a castle not a castle?

A castle is a fortress meant to protect the regent. The king and queen’s living and entertaining spaces are surrounded by a walled city, which is, in turn, surrounded by battlements and defensive constructions, such as moats and walls which taper out (called a battered wall) to make scaling with ladders more difficult. Bridges across the moat can be retracted or raised, and strategic points often feature a series of obstacles--“defense in depth” as it’s known. A drawbridge typically has a strengthened gate (a portcullis, literally “sliding door”) behind it, and paths toward the central “keep” are more maze-like than linear. Defensive aspects can turn offensive--hot tar can be poured from the parapets, the moving edge of the portcullis often had sharpened spikes, and crenelations (the up and down along the parapet) were meant to shield archers.

Because many fairy tales involve royalty, castles figure in stories from Snow White to Cinderella. As a rule, the military aspects don’t matte…